Monday, 27 November

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Monday, 27 November


At 9.00 a.m. the memorial week was held in the Ceremony Hall of the Nationalist Government. General Chiang made a speech, requiring comrades to pay attention to the implementation of the declaration and resolutions of the Sixth Plenum, and urged comrades to organize more cooperatives and in the end he said there would be no change for the Legislative Yuan. In the two recent talks, General Chiang made comments for reprimanding himself as well as self-humbling words, and he lessened his words when criticising comrades, which showed his improvement. I remember when Dr. Sun Yat-sen was alive, when he made speeches he would rarely reprimand comrades in stern words openly. If comrades committed mistakes, he would talk to them honestly in private. It was because the people who had substantial status and knowledge would also possess a strong concept of self-respect and shame. They would be unable to tolerate being reprimanded openly. They would feel gratified and easily accept criticism and correct the mistakes themselves accordingly if they were told honestly in private. Dr. Sun Yat-sen was so sophisticated in human emotions that he was even more respectful.


In the discussion panel of the Central Committee, Wang Chonghui presented a diplomatic report. 1) The League of Nations decided that there would be no meeting this year. 2) He reported how President Sun Fo negotiated with Britain, and the result was quite good. The British side paid quite a great deal of attention to the Soviet attitude towards us. 3) The French Ambassador to China came to negotiate with us with regard to our purchase of products passing through Annam. He allowed us the German products which were currently stored in Annam as an exception and approved their passage. He also authorised that the invoices our checking committees required to scrutinise for good transportation need not be sent to Paris for screening. 4) The blockade law imposed by Britain and France on Germany was originally not allowed by international law, and it had little effect on our armament purchase. 5) The American attitude was quite good. Recently, on the twenty-third of this month, the Undersecretary of State publicised a talk clearly stating the United States’ stance and the proposal of Key Pittman was quite important to our country. He Yingqin made a report for the military. There were several reasons why Nanning fell. 1) Japan used bandits. The bandits led by Su Tingyou (蘇廷有) and Huang Rixin (黃日新), both old associates of Chen Jiongming (陳炯明)[1], had two to three thousand bandits under their leadership. They led the enemy into Nanning via shortcuts, and they crossed the rivers first. 2) The enemy used planes for bombardment. 3) Our troops were quite scattered. 4) The civilian organisations were poor, and they fled immediately when they saw the enemy. Currently the enemy is in the vicinity of Ertang in Nanning.


With regard to the assassination of Yi Guangyan (蟻光炎)[2], General Chiang wanted to send a cablegram to the Siamese Prime Minister under his name. I really did not think so. It was because Chiang was the highest leader of our country and we did not have normal diplomatic relations with Siam. If Siam did not reply or reply imprudently, there would be no room for a turnabout. It would be better for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to send the cablegram. Wang Chonghui agreed with my suggestion and talked to Chiang, but Chiang still insisted in dispatching the cablegram under his name. So from this one event we can see how difficult it is to handle diplomacy.


Wang Chonghui asked Zhang Qun, He Yingqin, Wang Boqun (王伯群)[3], Wu Tiecheng, Ma Chaojun and Xiao Tongzi to have dinner at his home and talked about the business of Nanning. He Yingqin thought that the enemy would push eastward from Liuzhou to Yunnan and would be threatened and he thought it would be absolutely fine. Abe Nobuyuki (阿部信行)[4] of the enemy side delivered a speech, saying that Japan should prepare to have war with China for five to ten years.

[1] Chen Jiongming(1878-1933) was a Cantonese politician.

[2] Yi Guangyan(1879-1939) was a wealthy Siamese Chinese merchant from Guangdong.

[3] Wang Boqun(1885-1944) was a politician and educator who had studied in Japan.

[4] Abe Nobuyuki(1875-1953) was a Japanese general.