Wednesday, 15 November

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Wednesday, 15 November


At 9 a.m. we had the third meeting of the Sixth Plenum. Zhang Ji (張繼)[1] reported what he did for visiting armies in the North Route, saying when he went to Yenan he felt that the CCP had a hardworking spirit, which was quite good. But what made him feel saddest was that it looked like a country within a country. What the so-called revolutionary Three Principles of the People was, as a matter of fact, was Communism. In the areas of the KMT they were not allowed to have any activity. For Shanxi it was still in the hands of Yan Xishan (閻錫山)[2], and all the magistrates were dispatched by him so the situation was still fine. But it was not the case for Hebei. It was completely within the sphere of the CCP. Ma Bufang (馬步芳)[3] of Qinghai worked quite hard in building roads and promoting education, which had had substantial results. Probably in those places where party and politics united things could go swimmingly. On the contrary, for those places which were too democratic things could not be done easily. From now on we should give local comrades substantial power, and pay more attention to local affairs, because social reform was more difficult than political. He also urged comrades to learn more about the Northwest and asked those who were wealthy like H.H. Kung and Song Ziwen to help.


General Chiang treated us to lunch at his home at 103, Zhongsi Road. Wu Tiecheng told me that Zhang Weichang (張惠長)[4] worked so hard. Chen Bulei (陳布雷)[5] said the Guangdong Provincial government did not understand Zhang. During lunch General Chiang asked me where John C.H. Wu (吳經熊)[6] was. I replied that he was not in robust health and was ill so he could not come. We also talked about the matter of Liao Chengzhi (廖承志)[7]. I thought it was very difficult for him to relinquish communism. Ma Chaojun said that Liao Chengzhi had seen Wang Jingwei and Ju Zheng (居正)[8] but was cursed by both of them so he was disappointed with the KMT. I thought it might not be that simple.


In the afternoon I returned home to prepare the report on the affairs of the Overseas Chinese.


At 7.00 I went to the Shengsheng restaurant to have dinner with Wang Chonghui and Tianjuan. On returning home Feng Ruofei sent me the diplomatic report he had prepared. I told Wang Chonguhui about it and he thought that the report was too brief. Also Xu Mo told me that this morning Feng summoned the various sections of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to prepare this examination report, people outside would assume it was a joke that we examined our own work. So he asked me to prepare another one from the beginning but it should be handed in by tomorrow morning. Therefore I drafted until 4 a.m. then I went to bed and left Tianjuan to copy it for me.

[1] Zhang Ji(1882-1947) was a veteran revolutionary and a politician. He had studied at Waseda University.

[2] Yan Xishan(1883-1960) was a Chinese warlord who controlled Shanxi in 1911-1949.

[3] Ma Bufang(1903-1975) was a militarist in Northwest China. He was a Muslim.

[4] Zhang Weichang(1899-1980) was a Cantonese politician as well as a pioneer in air force and aviation.

[5] Chen Bulei(1890-1948) was a close associate of Chiang Kai-shek.

[6] John C.H.Wu(1899-1986) was a law expert. He had studied at Michigan University. He was a very famous translator.

[7] Liao Chengzhi (1908-1983) was the son of Liao Zhongkai (廖仲愷). Liao Chengzhi was a senior CCP official. He was Cantonese.

[8] Ju Zheng (1876-1951) was a revolutionary leader from Hupei.