Sunday, 12 November

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Sunday, 12 November


At 9 a.m. the Opening Ceremony of the sixth meeting of the Fifth Plenum (together with remembrance of Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s birthday) was held in the Grand Hall of the Nationalist Government. General Chiang made the opening speech. He said strongly that the enemy had diplomatic difficulties and militarily speaking our side had fought increasingly bravely and would score the final victory. He also said that luckily our resistance war started two years ago, otherwise various countries would have had no capability to help us after the European war broke out. Japan would have had less difficulty invading us and our resistance war would be more difficult. He talked for about an hour.


I went to the city area with Wang Chonghui and there was nothing worth buying. On the way he talked about the American attitude. He thought that after the establishment of Wang Jingwei’s puppet government relations between Japan and the United States would deteriorate increasingly because of the two puppet organizations in Peiping and Nanjing. The Japanese deemed them local powers which did not force the United States to indicate its attitude towards them. But with Wang Jingwei’s puppet organization it was not the case. The United States could not recognize it absolutely. The American Ambassador to China, Johnson, had told Wang Chonghui that in the United States, no matter who was in power, no one would dare to recognise Japan’s so-called New Order of Southeast Asia and failure to maintain the Nine-Power Treaty. Therefore when the American-Japanese Commercial Treaty expired in three months, it was quite hopeful that the United States would impose economic sanctions on Japan. Wang Chonghui asked me repeatedly about the recent situation regarding Bingkun and I was really grateful.


Xie Gengmin (謝耿民) invited us to have lunch at his home. I went there with Wang Chonghui.


After afternoon nap I talked to Wang Chonghui. He said Xiao Jishan (蕭吉珊)[1] had reported to him the various illegal activities of Hu Shih (胡適)[2] in the United States, and he was particularly contemptuous towards the KMT. He did not even hold memorial week. Therefore Xiao Jishan asked the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to dismiss him. Wang Chonghui told Xiao Jishan the whole story that during the Fifth Plenum meeting various committees asked General Chiang to dismiss Hu, saying that this wholly rested on his decision. I asked Wang Chonghui how many things were handled by Hu Shih with regard to diplomacy regarding the United States. It was because as far as I understood regarding the diplomacy with the United States, General Chiang was directly in touch with Roosevelt on the majority of things. Wang Chonghui answered that few things were handled by Hu Shih. The reasons why General Chiang did not want to transfer Hu were because: 1) It would not look good if Hu Shih was transferred shortly after being appointed. 2) Chiang wanted to entertain the Research Clique and others and not to embarrass them so that they would go off course. As a matter of fact Hu Shih did not have much important work to do. We also talked about the matter of Wang Zheng (王正). The Ministry of Foreign Affairs had concrete evidence that he had issued passports. (Report of French Police). Sun Fo sent a cablegram to defend him and Yang Jie (楊杰)[3] also submitted a cablegram to ease the situation for him. Li Shizeng (李石曾)[4] viewed the issue differently. He said Wang had handled too many secret documents, if he was forced too much it might arouse a violent reaction and he would be manipulated by the enemy.


I went with Wang Chonghui to Zeng’s home (home of Liu Weichi) to have dinner. We were not back until 11.30 at night.


This morning Song Ziwen (宋子文)[5] asked me if Lan Ni (藍妮)[6] made things difficult for Sun Fo in Shanghai. I answered that I had heard so but I was not certain whether it was true or not. He said it seemed it was not true. It was because he deeply believed that the character of Lan was not like this.

[1] Xiao Jishan(1893-1956) was a Cantonese politician from Shantou, Guangdong.

[2] Hu Shih (1891-192).

[3] Yang Jie(1889-1949) had studied in Japan and was a military expert. He had been Ambassador to the Soviet Union. He was assassinated in Hong Kong in 1949.

[4] Li Shizeng (1882-1973) was a Chinese educator.

[5] Song Ziwen, Dr. Song Ziwen (1894-1971) had studied at Harvard and Columbia Universities. He was a top financial official of the Nationalist Government. He was related to Chiang Kai-shek through marriage.

[6] Concubine of Sun Fo.