Saturday, 11 November

View Originals

Saturday, 11 November


I woke in the morning and wrote to (He) Yanfang (Kitty Ho, (何燕芳))[1] and Qiongfang.

At 11.00, He Sui (何遂)[2] visited me. He had been to various places at the Front and talked to many commanders in depth with regard to the war. Bai Chongxi (白崇禧)[3] and Chen Cheng (陳誠)[4] were particularly good to him. He told me as follows: 1) About the enemy side, they had increased their forces substantially. Now in China they had about 52 divisions, and their troops should be more than 1,500,000 people. (The total of every division, including the front and rear, numbered about 337,000.) (sic) The daily military expenditure was about 13,500,000 yen. (The daily expenditure for each person was 15 yen.) Until now those killed or wounded numbered about 1,000,000. Those killed and wounded, on average, were about 40,000 per month. We captured a report from the enemy at the Front. It said that there was a Japanese regiment which had 194 soldiers in total. After two battles, 102 were killed by infantry firearms, 42 by mortars, 8 by grenades, and 2 by bayonets. These were enough to prove that our side is lacking cannon and planes. Now both sides adopted the tactic of using small units of armed forces. In areas around the Yangtze River, both sides entered combat, which resembled the situation in the European War. 2) Now our sides have more than 4,000,000 troops, commencing from last November, and every month troops were increased by 150,000. At the Front the approximate numbers are as follows: a) In North China there are some 7,000,000 in total, in the third war zone about 250,000, the fourth war zone about 350,000`, the fifth war zone about 150,000, and in the ninth war zone about some 600,000. In the rear (areas around Sichuan) there are also 500,000 or 600,000 reserve armies. The morale at the Front is quite high. If our army carries on with the resistance war, the final victory will undoubtedly be with us. 3) With regard to the KMT-CCP problem, he thought that both sides had faults. The CCP propagated too much. Also, in particular, its armies at the Front had conflicts with other armies. For example in Shandong, they could not cooperate well with Shen Honglie’s (沈鴻烈)[5] troops and in Hupei with Lu Zhonglin’s (鹿鍾麟)[6] troops. Now the strength of the Red Army is not as weak as rumoured. They have 150,000 formal troops and 150,000 guerillas.

Wu Tiecheng came. We had a chat together with Wang Chonghui. We happened to touch on the David Kung affair. Both of them said the Hong Kong Governor was greatly displeased with him because the Hong Kong Government had found many cablegrams in his home relating to various assassinations in Shanghai. He had even kept copies of cablegrams for the assaulting of Li Bosheng (林柏生)[7], which was enough to prove he was involved in it. Therefore the Hong Kong Government originally wanted to put him under custody and sue him in the Hong Kong court. Afterwards, because the British Ambassador to China tried his best to overturn the decision, it was then amended to ask him to leave China. To be honest these copies of cablegrams should not have been kept. As a young person, Kung was lacking in experience, and he was doomed to fail with such an important mission. Wu Tiecheng also told me that the Hong Kong Government had arrested a certain young man using a secret code cablegram to purchase American shares. Miss Kong asked Morris Cohen (馬坤)[8] to negotiate with the Hong Kong Government and then the young man was released. After investigation it was known that the said young man was the fiancé of Miss Kung, and the purchase of American shares involved Mrs. Kung. Wu Tiecheng also said it was reported that the Japanese side wanted to delay Wang Jingwei (汪精衛)[9] from coming to power. Wang Chonghui said that a Japan-Soviet alliance was possible. If that was the case it would put China at a great disadvantage.

After afternoon nap Tianjuan came. I went with him to various bookstores. There was nothing worth buying. I visited Junyi but he happened to be away. I visited Huang Junbi. He invited me to have dinner at the Shengsheng restaurant. The food was quite nice.

At 8.30 I went to the home of Zeng Qiwei. Ma Chaojun was back from the Front. He said morale was quite high and we would score the final victory. At 11.00 I returned to the home of Wang Chonghui.


[1] Fu Bingchang’s wife. Daughter of Ho Kai.

[2] He Sui (1888-1968) was a military official and a collector of oracle bones.

[3] Bai Chongxi (1893-1966) was a senior Nationalist military leader of the Guangxi Clique.

[4] Chen Cheng (1897-1965) was a very senior military and political leader of the Nationalist Government from Zhejiang.

[5] Shen Honglie(1882-1969) had studied naval matters with the navy in Japan and was a navy and military leader in the Nationalist Government. He died in Taiwan.

[6] Lu Zhongli(1884-1966) was a senior military leader in the Nationalist Government.

[7] Lin Bosheng(1902-1946) was Cantonese. He was a politician associated with Wang Jingwei. He had studied in Lingnan University and Moscow. In 1946 he was shot for treason.

[8] Morris Cohen(1887-1970) was a bodyguard of Dr. Sun Yat-sen.

[9] Wang Jingwei (1883-1944).